Towards the Discovery of Drug-Like Epigallocatechin Gallate Analogs As Hsp90 Inhibitors

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(-)-Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is the major flavonoid of green tea and has been widely explored for a range of biological activities including anti-infective, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and neuroprotection. Existing structure-activity data for EGCG has been largely limited to exploration of simple ethers and hydroxyl deletion. EGCG has poor drug-like properties because of multiple phenolic hydroxyl moieties and a metabolically labile ester. This work reports a substantial expansion of structure-activity understanding by exploring a range of semi-synthetic and synthetic derivatives with ester replacements and variously substituted aromatic and alicyclic groups containing more drug-like substituents. Structure-activity relationships for these molecules were obtained for Hsp90 inhibition. The results indicate that amide and sulfonamide linkers are suitable ester replacements. Hydroxylated aromatic rings and the cis-stereochemistry in EGCG are not essential for Hsp90 inhibition. Selected analogs in this series are more potent than EGCG in a luciferase refolding assay for Hsp90 activity.



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