Title

Discovery of a Useful Thin-Film Dielectric Using a Composition-Spread Approach

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

3-12-1998

Abstract

The continuing drive towards miniaturization of electronic devices is motivating the search for new materials. Consider, for example, the case of the much-used dynamic random-access memory. The minimum capacitance per cell that can be tolerated is expected to remain at 30-40 fF, but as the cell area decreases, the corresponding reduction in geometric capacitance has to be compensated for. So far, this has been achieved by resorting to complex non- planar structures and/or using much thinner films of the dielectric insulator, amorphous silicon dioxide (a-SiO(x)), although the latter approach is limited by the electric fields that can be supported by a-SiO(x) before its insulating properties break down. An alternative strategy is to develop thin-film insulators that have a dielectric constant significantly greater than that of aSiO(x), reducing the size of the fields required for device operation. Here we show that a composition-spread technique allows for the efficient evaluating of materials with both a high dielectric constant and a high breakdown field. We apply this approach to the Zr-Sn-Ti-O system, and we find that compositions close to Zr0.15Sn0.3Ti0.55O2(-δ) are better thin-film dielectrics than high-quality deposited a-SiO(x). Although detailed tests of the performance of these materials have not yet been carried out, out initial results suggest that they are likely to be comparable to the best alternatives (such as (Ba, Sr)TiO3) currently being considered for integrated-circuit capacitors.

DOI

10.1038/32381

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