Magnetic Characterization of Rare-Earth Barium Cuprate Superconductors

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We report magnetic characterization of barium rare-earth cuprate superconductors to determine critical current densities as a function of rare-earth constituent. A vibrating sample magnetometer was used to measure M-H loops for fields to 15 kOe of oriented single crystals. Critical current densities are insensitive to rare-earth constituent despite the magnetic moment on the rare-earth ion. Values of critical current densities in the a-b plane vary from 3×105 A/cm2 at 10 K to 2×104 A/cm2 at 77 K. Anisotropy in the critical current density in the a-b plane and perpendicular to this plane was a factor of 2 in a Ba2YbCu3O7 crystal at T=38 K. Aluminum impurities lower critical currents but also reduce the superconducting transition temperature.



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