Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry


By incorporating a high proton affinity moiety to the charge localized free radical-initiated peptide sequencing (CL-FRIPS) reagent, FRIPS-MS technique has extended the applicability to hydrophobic peptides and peptides without basic amino acid residues (lysine, arginine, and histidine). Herein, the CL-FRIPS reagent has three moieties: (1) pyridine acting as the basic site to locate the proton, (2) 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO, a stable free radical) acting as the free radical precursor to generate the nascent free radical in the gas phase, and (3) N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) activated carboxylic acid acting as the coupling site to derivatize the N-terminus of peptides. The CL-FRIPS reagent allows for the characterization of peptides by generating sequencing ions, enzymatic cleavage-like radical-induced side chain losses, and the loss of TEMPO simultaneously via one-step collisional activation. Further collisional activation of enzymatic cleavage-like radical-induced side chain loss ions provides more information for the structure determination of peptides. The application of CL-FRIPS reagent to characterize peptides is proved by employing bovine insulin as the model peptide. Both scaffold structure of bovine insulin and sequencing information of each chain are achieved. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].



Published Citation

Gaspar, K., Fabijanczuk, K., Otegui, T., Acosta, J., & Gao, J. (2018). Development of novel free radical initiated peptide sequencing reagent: Application to identification and characterization of peptides by mass spectrometry. Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 30(3), 548-556.