Development of Novel Free Radical Initiated Peptide Sequencing Reagent: Application to Identification and Characterization of Peptides by Mass Spectrometry

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By incorporating a high proton affinity moiety to the charge localized free radical-initiated peptide sequencing (CL-FRIPS) reagent, FRIPS-MS technique has extended the applicability to hydrophobic peptides and peptides without basic amino acid residues (lysine, arginine, and histidine). Herein, the CL-FRIPS reagent has three moieties: (1) pyridine acting as the basic site to locate the proton, (2) 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO, a stable free radical) acting as the free radical precursor to generate the nascent free radical in the gas phase, and (3) N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) activated carboxylic acid acting as the coupling site to derivatize the N-terminus of peptides. The CL-FRIPS reagent allows for the characterization of peptides by generating sequencing ions, enzymatic cleavage-like radical-induced side chain losses, and the loss of TEMPO simultaneously via one-step collisional activation. Further collisional activation of enzymatic cleavage-like radical-induced side chain loss ions provides more information for the structure determination of peptides. The application of CL-FRIPS reagent to characterize peptides is proved by employing bovine insulin as the model peptide. Both scaffold structure of bovine insulin and sequencing information of each chain are achieved. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].



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