Energy-Efficient Task Scheduling and Consolidation Algorithm for Workflow Jobs in Cloud

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The energy consumption of underlying cloud hardware has dramatically increased. The cloud service providers need to adopt some cost-effective and energy-Aware job scheduler without compromising the quality of service (QoS) specified in the service level agreement (SLA). Based on a rigorous mathematical model, we formulate an energy efficient problem to improve the resource utilisation for high system throughput. A multiple-procedure heuristic workflow scheduling and consolidation strategy is proposed with objectives to maximise the resource utilisation and minimise the power. Several techniques have been utilised including dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) with task module migration for workload balance and task consolidation for virtual machine (VM) overhead reduction. The simulation results illustrate that our approach consistently achieves a lower power consumption and higher resource utilisation rate within the execution time bound compared with other similar scheduling algorithms as well as our previous algorithm without the task migration based on VM threshold.



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