OMO: Optimize MapReduce Overlap with a Good Start (Reduce) and a Good Finish (Map)

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Conference Proceeding

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MapReduce has become a popular data processing framework in the past few years. Scheduling algorithm is crucial to the performance of a MapReduce cluster, especially when the cluster is concurrently executing a batch of MapReduce jobs. However, the scheduling problem in MapReduce is different from the traditional job scheduling problem as the reduce phase usually starts before the map phase is finished to shuffle the intermediate data. This paper develops a new strategy, named OMO, which particularly aims to optimize the overlap between the map and reduce phases. Our solution includes two new techniques, lazy start of reduce tasks and batch finish of map tasks, which catch the characteristics of the overlap in a MapReduce process and achieve a good alignment of the two phases. We have implemented OMO on Hadoop system and evaluated the performance with extensive experiments. The results show that OMO's performance is superior in terms of total completion length (i.e., makespan) of a batch of jobs.



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