Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

The Counseling Psychologist


This article presents an overview of the practice of adoption to counseling psychologists to promote clinical understanding of the adoption experience and to stimulate research on adoption. The article includes definitions of adoption terminology, important historical and legal developments for adoption, a summary of adoption statistics, conceptualizations of adoption experience, themes and trends in adoption outcome research related to adoptees and birthparents, and selected theoretical models of adoption. The importance of considering social context variables in adoption practice and research is emphasized.


DOI: 10.1177/0011000003258061

Published Citation

Zamostny, Kathy P., Karen M. O'brien, Amanda L. Baden, and Mary O'Leary Wiley. "The practice of adoption: History, trends, and social context." The Counseling Psychologist 31, no. 6 (2003): 651-678.