Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

Counseling and Values


The phenomenon of spiritual bypass has received limited attention in the transpersonal psychology and counseling literature and has not been subjected to empirical inquiry. This study examines the phenomenon of spiritual bypass by considering how spirituality, mindfulness, alexithymia (emotional restrictiveness), and narcissism work together to influence depression and anxiety among college students. Results suggested that mindfulness and alexithymia accounted for variance in depression beyond what is accounted for by spirituality and that all 3 factors (mindfulness, alexithymia, and narcissism) accounted for variance in anxiety beyond what is accounted for by spirituality. Implications for counselors are provided.


Published Citation

Cashwell, Craig S., Harriet L. Glosoff, and Chereé Hammond. "Spiritual bypass: A preliminary investigation." Counseling and Values 54, no. 2 (2010): 162-174.