Characterization of Intracellular & Extracellular Algae Organic Matters (AOM) of Microcystic Aeruginosa and Formation of AOM-Associated Disinfection Byproducts and Odor & Taste Compounds
Algae organic matters (AOM), including intracellular organic matters (IOM) and extracellular organic matters (EOM), are causing numerous water quality issues, among which formation of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) and odor & taste (O&T) compounds are of particular concern. In this study, physiochemical properties of IOM and EOM of Microcystic aeruginosa under an exponential growth phase (2.01×10 11/L) were comprehensively characterized. Moreover, the yields of DBPs during AOM disinfection and O&T-causing compounds were quantified. Hydrophilic organic matters accounted for 86% and 63% of DOC in IOM and EOM, respectively. Molecular weight (MW) fractions of IOM in <1kDa, 40-800kDa, and >800kDa were 27%, 42%, and 31% of DOC, respectively, while EOM primarily contained 1-100kDa molecules. Besides, a low SUVA (0.84L/mgm) and the specific fluorescence spectra suggested that AOM (especially IOM) was principally comprised of protein-like substances, instead of humic-like matters. The formation potentials of chloroform, chloroacetic acid, and nitrosodimethylamine were 21.46, 68.29 and 0.0096μg/mgC for IOM, and 32.44, 54.58 and 0.0189μg/mgC for EOM, respectively. Furthermore, the dominant O&T compound produced from EOM and IOM were 2-MIB (68.75ng/mgC) and β-cyclocitral (367.59ng/mgC), respectively. Of note, dimethyltrisulfide became the prevailing O & T compound following anaerobic cultivation.
MSU Digital Commons Citation
Li, Lei; Gao, Naiyun; Deng, Yang; Yao, Juanjuan; and Zhang, Kejia, "Characterization of Intracellular & Extracellular Algae Organic Matters (AOM) of Microcystic Aeruginosa and Formation of AOM-Associated Disinfection Byproducts and Odor & Taste Compounds" (2012). Department of Earth and Environmental Studies Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works. 197.