Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

Review of Educational Research


This article provides a cultural and political critique of the constitution of bilingual/English-as-a-second-language (ESL) education as a disciplinary practice in the case of New Mexico. Using genealogy and postcolonial, post-structural, and critical frameworks, this article claims that the directions advanced by the Chicano/Chicana movement were lost. Instead, what emerged was a field that nurtured a mix of symbolic colonization and docilization through the construction of a settlement that controls thought and behavior, perpetuating misrecognition in a Bourdieuian sense. Illusion, collusion, and delusion have enabled the dominance of psycholinguistic approaches. Problematizing the constitution of bilingual/ESL education within a cultural and political sphere could foster an emancipatory education for marginalized students.

Published Citation

Grinberg, Jaime, and Elizabeth R. Saavedra. "The constitution of bilingual/ESL education as a disciplinary practice: Genealogical explorations." Review of Educational Research 70.4 (2000): 419-441.