Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
College of Science and Mathematics
Thesis Sponsor/Dissertation Chair/Project Chair
Fluid-structure interaction, Fibers
We discuss the equilibrium configurations of a flexible fiber clamped to a spherical body and immersed in a flow of fluid moving with a speed ranging between 0 and 50 cm/s. Experimental results are presented with both two-dimensional and three-dimensional numerical simulations used to model this problem. We present the effects of flow speed and initial configuration angle between the fiber and the direction of the flow. Investigations reveal that both the orientation of the fiber and the fiber length have a significant impact on the deformation of the fiber as well as on the forces it experiences. Specifically, we measure the drag and lift experienced by the system and measure them against known values in literature. We note, additionally, that longer fibers (i) bend significantly more than shorter fibers and (ii) display oscillatory or flapping motion at much lower flow speeds than their shorter counterparts. In the two-dimensional simulations we reveal that the drag on the fiber is noticeably affected by the size of the sphere. The analysis of the drag is done in terms of Vogel exponents, computed in both 2-D and 3-D, and is compared with the literature. The validity of the reduction of dimensionality is tested against the three-dimensional simulations and qualitatively compared. Both mesh density and convergence studies are performed in 2-D and 3-D to balance the accuracy and convergence rates. We also discuss the robustness of the three-dimensional model and the practicalities of using a lower-dimensional model.
Allaire, Ryan Howard, "On the 3-Dimensional Fluid-Structure Interaction of Flexible Fibers in a Flow" (2015). Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects. 344.