Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


College of Education and Human Services


Family Science and Human Development

Thesis Sponsor/Dissertation Chair/Project Chair

Miriam R. Linver

Committee Member

Jennifer Brown Urban

Committee Member

Sara E. Goldstein


The current study examines the associations between parent advice and parent-young adult closeness, young adult ability self-concept, and young adult future outlook, specifically future worry and future expectancy during transition to adulthood. The data for the current study are from the Transition into Adulthood Supplement (TAS) waves 2009, 2011, and 2013, a supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). Findings include that higher mother and father closeness are associated with both higher future expectancy and less future worry. In contrast, mother and father advice are associated with higher young adult future worry, but ability self-concept was identified as a protective factor. Participants were also faced with the Great Recession which may help explain the association between future worry and parental advice. The findings also support pathways found in the Eccles’ expectancy-value model demonstrating an association between the parent-young adult relationship, young adult ability self-concept, and young adult future outlook during transition to adulthood. While tangible support for young adults, is important, closeness with both mothers and fathers remain a significant source of support as young adults transition to adulthood, especially in the context of the Great Recession.

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