Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
College of Science and Mathematics
Chemistry and Biochemistry
Thesis Sponsor/Dissertation Chair/Project Chair
Filariasis, Tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) is an essential enzyme that plays an important role in the production of cofactors that are required in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis. The literature suggests that DHFR is a potential drug target for the elimination of the parasitic worm, B. malayi. B. malayi is one of the causative parasites of lymphatic filariasis, a globally neglected tropical disease. In this study, we expressed and purified B. malayi DHFR. Expression was carried out in E. coli with a His6-tagged construct, and purification was achieved through affinity chromatography using a special strain of E. coli cells called “LOBSTR.” The resulting purified and active enzyme was used for steady-state kinetics characterization and inhibition studies. The catalytic activity, kcat, was found to be 1.4 ± 0.1s-1, the Michaelis Menten constant, KM, 14.7 ± 3.6uM for dihydrofolate, and the equilibrium dissociation constant, KD, 22 ±0.01 uM. B. malayi DHFR was compared to 13 other DHFR homologs in terms of ligand specificity determining residues; L. major, T. cruzi, T. bruci, and T. gondii exhibited the highest homology. Known inhibitors of these DHFR homologs were assayed with B. malayi DHFR and an inhibition profile was created for the enzyme. IC50 values were determined to be 0.0036 ± 0.0008 uM for methotrexate, 109 ± 34 uM for pyrimethamine, 32 ± 22 uM for trimethoprim, 771 ± 44 uM for cycloguanil, >20,000 pM for 2,4- diaminopyrimidine, and 154 ± 46 uM for 2,4-diaminoquinazoline. These results provide the basis for the development of more potent and less toxic compounds that can inhibit B. malayi DHFR and help cure lymphatic filariasis.
Perez-Abraham, Romy, "Expression, Purification, Enzymatic and Inhibition Profile of Brugia malayi Dihydrofolate Reductase" (2016). Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects. 572.