Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
College of Science and Mathematics
Thesis Sponsor/Dissertation Chair/Project Chair
The sea nettle, Chrysaora quinquecirrha, has become abundant in estuaries of Mid- Atlantic States and frequently blooms in warm summer months. Various factors have been attributed to the increasing localized appearance of sea nettles and other jellyfish including eutrophication, overfishing, global warming, construction and species introduction. Despite its abundance and frequent distribution within estuarine systems, very little work has been done to detect and quantify the early life history stages of this organism. Larval stages of C. quinquecirrha can now be detected and quantified using a qPCR assay specific for the 16S rDNA locus of the mtDNA of C. quinquecirrha. This assay is species specific, linear over a 9-log range, and can detect as few as 60 copies of 16S rDNA. 20-liter field samples were filtered through 500pM and lOOpM mesh to separate ephyrae from planula larvae and gametes, respectively. Quantifiable levels of C. quinquecirrha 16S rDNA were detected at all eight paired locations in Bamegat Bay, with levels varying on both spatial and temporal scales. The use of quantitative molecular data on the distribution of early stage C. quinquecirrha to predict and model blooms of sea nettle medusa in Barnegat Bay will be discussed.
Restaino, Dena, "qPCR Detection of Early Life History Stage Chrysaora Quinquecirrha (Sea nettles) in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey" (2013). Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects. 967.