The Effect of Resistance Exercise On Recovery Blood Pressure In Normotensive and Borderline Hypertensive Women
Nine normotensive and 7 borderline hypertensive women were studied to investigate the effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on recovery blood pressure. The investigation was conducted over 3 sessions. During the first session, subjects were assessed for muscular strength while performing the following exercises: chest press, seated leg press, biceps brachii curl, knee extension, and triceps brachii extension. In a subsequent session, subjects completed 3 circuits of the aforementioned exercises at 50% (15 repetitions) of the estimated 1 repetition maximum (1RM), followed by a 60-minute recovery period. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) pressures were assessed via auscultation at 10-minute intervals throughout the recovery period. Subjects were also monitored in a similar manner on a control day in which exercise was excluded. The data were analyzed using a 3-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a predetermined alpha level of p ≤ 0.05. Women in the borderline hypertensive group exhibited higher SBP (126.5 ± 3.1 mm Hg) and higher DBP (85.4 ± 1.8 mm Hg) than their normotensive counterparts (103.5 ± 2.7 mm Hg; 69.3 ± 1.6 mm Hg) throughout the study. SBP was significantly lower during recovery from the exercise session (113.8 ± 2.1 mm Hg) compared with the control session (116.1 ± 2.1 mm Hg). DBP did not vary between sessions. Although blood pressure was higher in borderline hypertensive subjects, the response of both groups during seated recovery was the same. In conclusion, a single bout of resistance exercise appears to invoke a slight systolic hypotensive response during recovery in normotensive and borderline hypertensive women.
MSU Digital Commons Citation
Fisher, Michele, "The Effect of Resistance Exercise On Recovery Blood Pressure In Normotensive and Borderline Hypertensive Women" (2001). Department of Exercise Science and Physical Education Scholarship and Creative Works. 69.