Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

International Migration Review


This article provides a summary of the author's research on human smuggling in Austria comparing migrants from Former Yugoslavia and the Russian Federation. The project's primary intent was to collect more detailed information on migrants seeking asylum in Austria and their use of smuggling services to leave their home countries, including detailed information on demographics, force or threat of force by smugglers, routes and methods of transportation, costs of smuggling, payment methods, and deeper perceptual questions regarding the flight. Another central premise of the article discusses how current distinctions between human smuggling and human trafficking are arbitrary in many regards.



Published Citation

Peterka-Benton, D. (2011). Human smuggling in Austria: A comparative analysis of data on smuggled migrants from former Yugoslavia and the Russian Federation. International migration review, 45(2), 215-242.