Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory


This article assesses the ability of elected officials to control public policy as implemented by public/private hybrid organizations, specifically, government venture capital funds. The study reveals greater control over OPIC investment funds than Enterprise Funds despite the existence of more traditional administrative tools of control for Enterprise Funds. This finding suggests that the regulatory infrastructure for hybrid organizations is more determinative of control than the existence (or lack) of traditional administrative control tools. Thus the challenge of hybrid government centers on the development of regulation as a substitute for administration.

Published Citation

Koppel, Jonathan GS. "The challenge of administration by regulation: preliminary findings regarding the US government's venture capital funds." Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 9, no. 4 (1999): 641-666. Harvard