Generalization Testing with Atypical and Typical Antipsychotic Drugs in Rats Trained to Discriminate 5.0 Mg/Kg Clozapine from Vehicle in a Two-Choice Drug Discrimination Task
Clozapine (CLZ) drug discrimination is used as a preclinical model to evaluate compounds for putative atypical antipsychotic properties. In rats, a 1.25 mg/kg CLZ training dose appears to have greater pharmacological specificity for atypical antipsychotic drugs than the traditional 5.0 mg/kg CLZ training dose; however, methodological differences among studies have precluded a direct comparison between these training doses. In the present study, rats were trained to discriminate a 5.0 mg/kg CLZ dose from vehicle in a two-choice drug discrimination task using methods similar to those in a previous study from our laboratory that used a 1.25 mg/kg CLZ training dose. Clozapine produced full substitution (≥80% CLZ-lever responding) for itself at the training dose (5.0 mg/kg). The atypical antipsychotics olanzapine, quetiapine, and ziprasidone also produced full substitution for 5.0 mg/kg CLZ, whereas the atypical antipsychotics risperidone and sertindole produced partial substitution (≥60% CLZ-lever responding). The typical antipsychotic, thioridazine, produced full substitution for the 5.0 mg/kg CLZ training dose, but the typical antipsychotics chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, and haloperidol failed to substitute for clozapine. In a subgroup of 1.25 mg/kg CLZ-trained rats, ziprasidone produced strong partial substitution (73.0% CLZ-lever responding) for the 1.25 mg/kg CLZ training dose. Based on these findings, some atypical antipsychotic drugs (i.e., quetiapine and ziprasidone) produce full substitution only for the 5.0 mg/kg CLZ training dose, whereas other atypical antipsychotic drugs (i.e., sertindole and risperidone) produce full substitution only for the 1.25 mg/kg CLZ training dose. Thus, both of these training doses are important for the screening of putative atypical antipsychotic drugs with the clozapine drug discrimination assay.
MSU Digital Commons Citation
Prus, Adam J.; Philibin, Scott D.; Pehrson, Alan; Stephens, Chad L.; Cooper, Rhiannon N.; Wise, Laura E.; and Porter, Joseph H., "Generalization Testing with Atypical and Typical Antipsychotic Drugs in Rats Trained to Discriminate 5.0 Mg/Kg Clozapine from Vehicle in a Two-Choice Drug Discrimination Task" (2005). Department of Psychology Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works. 241.