Legal and social service professionals often question whether various features of young witnesses’ responses during interviews are characteristic of children's event reports or whether these features are concerning findings that reflect degraded memory, outside influence, or other phenomena. To assist helping professionals and researchers who collect data through interviews, we aggregated findings from child eyewitness studies and revisited transcript sets to construct fifteen principles that capture how children talk about events. These principles address children's earliest event narratives, how children report information as interviews unfold and typical features of their narratives, threats to the accuracy of answers, the influence of interviewers’ language on children's styles of reporting, how testimonies compare across multiple interviews and multiple witnesses to the same event, and the structure of accurate and inaccurate reports. A summary table highlights the implications of these principles for interviewers and the decision-makers who analyze children's reports.
MSU Digital Commons Citation
Brubacher, Sonja P.; Peterson, Carole; La Rooy, David; Dickinson, Jason; and Poole, Debra Ann, "How Children Talk About Events: Implications for Eliciting and Analyzing Eyewitness Reports" (2019). Department of Psychology Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works. 252.
Dickinson, J. J., & Poole, D. A. How Children Talk About Events: Implications for Eliciting and Analyzing Eyewitness Reports Sonja P. Brubacher Carole Peterson Griffith University Memorial University of Newfoundland David La Rooy Royal Holloway University of London.