The Montclair State University Annual Student Research Symposium is a forum that showcases and rewards outstanding student scholarship and research by students at Montclair State University. The Symposium provides a venue for sharing research with the academic community, peers and the greater community through poster displays as well as oral and multimedia presentations. Open to all undergraduate and graduate students, the Symposium aims to promote interdisciplinary research and collaboration in the hope of instilling in our students the importance of exploring issues from multiple perspectives. Proposals that cross boundaries among disciplines are thus encouraged. Similar presentations will be grouped together in regards to their “theme” rather than discipline or college derivation.