Journal / Book Title
Journal of Offender Rehabilitation
Over the last few decades, treatment-oriented court judges have moved away from being neutral arbitrators in an adversarial court process to treatment facilitators. In the problem-solving court model, judges are part of a more therapeutic treatment process with program participants and a courtroom workgroup. The shift from the use of the traditional criminal justice process toward the use of more treatment-oriented models for some populations highlights the need to systematically document key elements of treatment court models. In particular, it is important to clearly document the role of Reentry Court Judges because they are a key component of the Reentry Court model. The current study used interviews with members of the courtroom workgroup, as well as a focus group interview of former participants in the program, to help identify the role of the judge and activities the judge engages in. Findings revealed that the judges played a supportive, informal role, balanced with a more formal, authoritarian role, and the judges' engaged participants in pre-court meetings, as well as courtroom sessions. Further, the judges facilitated interactions with program participants outside the courtroom, demonstrating that the judge is a core component of success for participants in Reentry Court.
MSU Digital Commons Citation
Salvatore, Christopher; Michalsen, Venezia; and Taylor, Caitlin, "Reentry Court Judges: The Key to the Court" (2020). Department of Justice Studies Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works. 167.
Salvatore, Christopher, Venezia Michalsen, and Caitlin Taylor. "Reentry court judges: the key to the court." Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 59, no. 4 (2020): 198-222. Harvard
Civic and Community Engagement Commons, Courts Commons, Criminal Law Commons, Criminal Procedure Commons, Criminology Commons, Criminology and Criminal Justice Commons, Demography, Population, and Ecology Commons, Inequality and Stratification Commons, Judges Commons, Jurisdiction Commons, Place and Environment Commons, Political Science Commons, Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration Commons, Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons, Social Justice Commons, Social Psychology and Interaction Commons