The evolution of research and development in the pharmaceutical industryToward the open innovation model - Can pharma reinvent itself?

Ram Subramanian, Stetson University
Jeffrey H. Toney, Kean University
C Jayachandran, Montclair State University


The global pharmaceutical industry is facing diminishing returns from its massive investment in research and development. This is particularly troublesome because the industry has long enjoyed monopoly rents that come from innovative new drugs. The purpose of this paper is to examine the extant R&D practices in the industry and make a strong case for a shift to the open innovation model. Potential roadblocks to adopting the open innovation model are identified as well as ways to overcome these roadblocks. This conceptual paper makes use of archival R&D and sales data to support its contentions.