Document Type


Publication Date


Journal / Book Title

Latin American Perspectives


When Hugo Chávez was president, he pronounced the death of many things - the constitution, the old "partyarchy," Venezuela's "Fourth Republic," and the Free Trade Area of the Americas, among others. Since his own death in 2013, scholars, activists, and citizens have contributed to a rich discussion of his legacy. Part of that legacy is an understanding of post-neoliberalism that recognizes its competing and contradictory components, some of them seeking to complement, improve, and reverse neoliberal policies or overcome neoliberal logics and others constituting important remnants of neoliberalism.



Published Citation

Spanakos, A. P., & Pantoulas, D. (2017). The contribution of Hugo Chávez to an understanding of post-neoliberalism. Latin American Perspectives, 44(1), 37-53.