ERP Evidence of a Dichotic Left-Ear Deficit in some Dyslexic Children
Children with and without behavioral dichotic left-ear deficits participated in an event-related potential study with quasidichotic presentations of familiar fairy tale segments. Electrical activity was recorded from the scalp while the children listened for semantically and/ or syntactically anomalous words from either the right side or the left side while competing segments of the fairy tale were simultaneously presented from the opposite side. Latencies and amplitudes were averaged for each target condition within the group with dichotic left-ear deficits (LED) and the group with normal dichotic listening performance (WNL). Individual global field power waveforms and topographic brain maps were generated for the average response in each of the two listening conditions, target right and target left. Cross-correlations were performed on the grand averaged global field power waveforms to measure the degree of synchrony between target right and target left responses in both groups. Integration functions were performed to compare the accumulated sum of voltages during target (right and left) and control (right and left) conditions. WNL children produced typical ERP responses to the target words in both target right and target left conditions. Responses from LED children were at delayed latencies in the target left condition and were at reduced amplitudes in both target conditions. Topographic brain maps revealed more lateralized scalp distributions and greater activation of frontal regions in LED children in the target left condition. Cross-correlational and integration function results demonstrated interaural asymmetries in responses from the LED children. Overall results suggest that slowed neural conduction times, poor interhemispheric transfer of neural activity, and a failure to suppress competing information arriving at the right ear may be involved in poor left-sided processing in children with behavioral left-ear dichotic deficits.
MSU Digital Commons Citation
Moncrieff, Deborah; Jerger, James; Wambacq, Ilse; Greenwald, Ralf; and Black, Jeffrey, "ERP Evidence of a Dichotic Left-Ear Deficit in some Dyslexic Children" (2004). Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works. 49.